Abstract: The steel structure warehouse has unique structural characteristics because of the unique construction technology and construction practice introduced in the construction process. The optimized design of the prefabricated warehouse also has a strong uniqueness.

This paper starts by expounding the structural characteristics of the steel structure warehouse and analyzes the optimal design of the steel warehouse.

Structural Characteristics of Steel Warehouse

The architectural forms and architectural styles of factories and warehouses vary widely, but in terms of their structural characteristics, there are only several main structural forms such as brick-concrete structures, wood structures, and steel structures.

In order to continuously deepen my country’s awareness of environmental protection, the use of wood structures and warehouses in my country is less, and the service life and building strength of wood structures and brick-concrete structures themselves are relatively limited. Therefore, most of the factory and warehouse structures in my country at this stage are steel structures.

The steel structure has strong sturdiness and durability and can meet the fast and flexible space layout of the warehouse. Its maintenance is also relatively easy and the maintenance cost is low. The following is an analysis of the structural characteristics of the steel structure warehouse from two aspects:

1. Structural Advantages

Steel material has high strength and good plasticity and toughness. Higher-strength than other building materials such as brick and wood. The steel structure itself has high strength and density and has stronger advantages than other structures under the same load-bearing and load conditions. Steel structures are also easier to calculate mechanically.

The steel structure warehouse has the advantages of short construction period, strong production professionalism, easy addition of accessories, and high construction accuracy, and the application of steel structure in the construction of the warehouse helps to shorten the construction period.

2. Structural Shortcomings

The surface of iron atoms of steel structure is easily oxidized in the case of high air concentration, which may cause the occurrence of rust. This has a negative impact on the safety of the steel structure warehouse, and also has a negative impact on the property protection of the warehouse.

Although my country’s economic level is constantly developing, it is undeniable that my country’s steel structure warehouse project started relatively late, and the construction examples of steel structure warehouses are relatively lacking. At the same time, the construction foundation and architectural design concepts of steel warehouses are still Not too mature.

Design Optimization Of Steel Warehouse

Steel structure warehouse has obvious advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, the designer of steel warehouses must pay attention to the construction of steel structure buildings and promote the development of steel structure buildings.

The following is an analysis of the design optimization of the steel structure from several aspects.

Promote the establishment of the design system standard  for the warehouse

In the design and construction process of the steel structure warehouse, the design content and the construction content are often quite different, which makes it easy to cause construction errors in the final process of construction and has a great impact on the quality of the warehouse, and makes the steel structure Warehouses are vulnerable to natural disasters such as fire and lightning.

Therefore, the designer should pay attention to the establishment of unified standards in the design process of the steel structure warehouse, which has an important impact on the realization of the fire protection requirements of the steel structure warehouse, the improvement of the resistance and toughness of the steel structure warehouse and the reduction of errors in the construction process.

It can also effectively reduce the negative impact of design mistakes on the steel structure warehouse and have an important impact on the improvement of construction efficiency and the reduction of construction time. Thus for the steel structure, the optimization of the overall structure of the warehouse plays an important role.

Reduce the complexity of steel structure  warehouse design

Because of the high requirements for the use of steel structure factory warehouses, many technical problems are often faced in the design process.

Therefore, in the design optimization process of steel structure factory warehouses, designers should focus on reducing the complexity of the design and adopting reasonable The calculation of the steel structure makes the design of the factory warehouse more rigorous and clear.

Due to the particularity of its installation, the simplicity of the design results of the steel structure factory warehouse has a great impact on accelerating the construction progress. Therefore, reducing the complexity of the design of the steel structure warehouse can ensure the precision of the steel structure warehouse and help reduce the load of related equipment, and has an important impact on the improvement of project quality control methods and the reduction of measurement errors.

Promote the optimization of the structural design of the steel structure  warehouse

Before the design optimization of the steel structure warehouse, the designer should have a clear understanding of the structural characteristics of the steel structure warehouse, and on this basis, carry out effective optimization of the design.

The design optimization of the steel structure warehouse should pay attention to the measures of fire prevention and lightning protection, and the economic, durability, waterproof, anti-corrosion, thermal insulation, sound insulation, heat insulation and other factors of the steel structure warehouse should be carried out.

In this way, the design optimization of the steel structure warehouse can be effectively completed, and ultimately the improvement of the design level of the steel structure warehouse can be better promoted.

Further Reading: Steel Structure Installation & Design

Conclusion

With the rapid development of the world economy and the rapid improvement of the technical level of steel structures, steel structure warehouses have been widely used with their unique advantages.

The steel structure warehouse has its own distinctive structural characteristics, and its advantages and disadvantages also exist. Therefore, steel structure warehouse designers should keep pace with the times, make full use of professional knowledge, rationally optimize the design of steel structure warehouses, and improve the quality of steel structure warehouses by establishing unified standards, reducing the quality of steel structure warehouses, and reducing complexity.

About Author: K-HOME

K-home Steel Structure Co., Ltd covers an area of ​​120,000 square meters. We are engaged in the design, project budget, fabrication, and installation of PEB steel structures and sandwich panels with second-grade general contracting qualifications. Our products cover light steel structures, PEB buildingslow-cost prefab housescontainer houses, C/Z steel, various models of color steel plate, PU sandwich panels, eps sandwich panels, rock wool sandwich panels, cold room panels, purification plates, and other construction materials.